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China’s industrial subsidies: What can be done?

Hosted by the Yeutter Institute of International Trade and Finance

Event Details

16 September 2020 | 8:30 am CDT

The Chinese state's industrial subsidies and the overarching role of the government in the economy is at the core of US-China trade tensions, and have presented a huge challenge to the existing global trading system as China's economic power continue to expand. Two experts, including our Research Fellow Stephen Olson, will outline the difficulties in addressing this issue and what role international institutions could play.

Chinese government subsidies to favored industries and the role of state-owned enterprises, along with the overarching role of the state in the Chinese economy, are at the core of US-China trade tensions and are not addressed in the US-China phase one trade deal, signed in January 2020.

Kelly Ann Shaw of Hogan Lovells and Stephen Olson of the Hinrich Foundation will walk through these challenges and ongoing efforts to address them through the World Trade Organization and other forums, including a joint statement issued in January 2020 by the US, EU and Japan calling for improved subsidy disciplines within the WTO.

TradeVistas' Editor-in-Chief, Andrea Durkin, will be moderating this session.


Two experts will discuss the challenges posed by Chinese economic policies on the current global trading system.

Stephen Olson

Stephen Olson

Former Senior Research Fellow, Hinrich Foundation

From 2014 to January 2024, Mr. Olson was a Senior Research Fellow of the Hinrich Foundation.

Mr. Olson began his career in Washington DC as an international trade negotiator and served on the US negotiating team for the NAFTA negotiations.

He subsequently became president of the Hong Kong-based Pacific Basin Economic Council, and vice-chairman of Cairo-based ARTOC Group for investment and development. He is also a visiting scholar at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He has a master’s degree in international relations from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and a B.A. from the State University of New York.

Kelly Ann Shaw

Kelly Ann Shaw

Partner, Hogan Lovells

Kelly Ann Shaw, former Deputy Assistant to the President for International Economic Affairs and Deputy Director of the National Economic Council, brings to bear a deep knowledge of US international trade, investment, and economic law and policy drawn from her extensive public service at the White House, the Office of the US Trade Representative (USTR), and the Ways and Means Committee in the US Congress.

In her White House role, serving on both the National Security Council and National Economic Council, Kelly Ann led the Office of International Economic Affairs and played an instrumental role in a wide range of legislation, negotiations, and agreements, including the US-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) and the China Phase One agreement. As a senior adviser to the president on matters of international economic policy, including trade, investment, development, global economics, energy, and the environment, she was directly involved in almost every major economic decision made at the Trump White House.

Kelly Ann also as served as lead US negotiator at the G7, G20, and APEC and led the US-UK Economic Working Group. As Republican Trade Counsel for the Committee on Ways and Means, Kelly Ann played an important role in formulating US international trade and investment law, policy, and strategy. In her role as Assistant General Counsel for USTR based in Geneva, Switzerland, and Washington, DC, she represented the United States in more than 40 World Trade Organization (WTO) disputes and in negotiations. She also served as a lead lawyer, negotiator, and adviser in other important international negotiations, including the Trans-Pacific Partnership.

Andrea Durkin Headshot

Andrea Durkin

Former Principal of Sparkplug, LLC and creator of Consensus Learning, LLC

Andrea Durkin has returned to public service and no longer serves as an active contributor.

Previously, she was Principal of the trade advisory firm Sparkplug, LLC and the creator of Consensus Learning®, an innovative digital tool for teaching negotiation skills deployed in graduate classrooms, think tank simulations and government training.

She was also a Non-Resident Senior Fellow on Global Agriculture and Food with the Chicago Council on Global Affairs and managed a global government relations team at a Fortune 200 life sciences company after a decade in the US government as a trade negotiator with the Office of the United States Trade Representative and the International Trade Administration of the US Department of Commerce. She also taught International Trade and Investment Policy as an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University’s Master of Science in Foreign Service program.